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In the elaborations regarding Alano the type of dog that had developed during the early Middle Ages is described as Alano Europeo.It was a big and strong dog used for hunting big animals. The Europe of that times consisted mainly of forests, remains of which we can only admire nowadays in the enclaves of the national parks of Belovezhskaya Pushcha or Bavarian Forest. Aurochs, bisons, deers, wild boar and bears were the target for hunters. The hunters equipped only in mêlée needed dexterous and brave helpers.


An intrepid shaggy protector of the herd had become a short-haired fearless hunter able to catch up with the galloping horses and the animals running away. Alaunt had the speed, the strength and the courage. He obtained his athletic build, long legs and the mighty head from his Asian ancestor. He was a universal dog.The present reconstruction called New British Alaunt is based mainly on Alaunt's psychical capabilities. That's why British men create this breed using the genotypes of Greyhound, Bull Terrier and Bullmastiff, the dogs most perfect and genetically purest if it comes to their purpose.

new british alaunt 


Alans, making a circle around Europe, arrived to the territories now seized by Poland and Germany, to march towards the Iberian Peninsula through France after getting through the Rhine. They had been leaving their traces everywhere - those traces were the dogs with the features of their four-legged helpers. The Middle Europe had consisted mainly of forests for ten more centuries - here one could find the highest amounts of aurochs and bears. A special type of dog was raised from Alaunt for hunting - Bullenbeiser, that later gave birth to many new breeds.


Alans have reached the Iberian Peninsula; some of them have stayed there, and some have traveled to Africa. The Iberian Peninsula wasn't covered with dense forests. Alanos already had a rich pastoral tradition. The graze of cattle was an important element of farming of that time. It is presumed that after entering to Spain, Alano has spread mostly in the regions rich in cattle and having tradition of hunting big animals - Andalusia, Extremadura and Castile.


In the various writings from the early Middle Ages, approx. 300 years after Alans had left their native territories, one can find information regarding Alaunt, that has evolved into three main types. Their description is contained in the Gastón Phoebus' book about hunting. It describes the noble Alano - Alano Nobles, the slaughter Alano - Alano de Carnicero, and the third type of Alano, used for hunting, called the Lebrel. The dogs are classified similarly by Martinez del Espinar in the book "Arte de Monteria y Ballesteria" published in the seventeenth century.

        alano carnicero             alano gentil                 lebrel

This information regards the dogs related with human settlements at the feet of Pyrenees - the most important of which are the Toulouse and Bordeaux. In these areas there were many abattoirs, into which the animals from mountain grass lands were rounded up. The helpers in the slaughters were the heavy dogs with huge heads, able to hold the panicked animals, to tame the frightened or maddened bulls. They were smaller than the primal Alaunt, more athletic with the preferred frontal occlusion that allowed them to bite into victims and to breathe simultaneously, or to tame the cattle without making any serious harm to the bones of the cows.